What was the cold war?
The “Cold War” was not exactly a war, although it could have erupted into WWIII quickly enough. It was more of an extended period of time when there was an extreme amount of tension between the “Western Bloc” (Soviets and their allies), and the “Eastern Bloc” (United states and their allies), in specific, between the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.
This period began soon after World War II in 1947, and didn’t truly end until 1991. The United States and the Soviet Union both wanted to be the biggest superpower in the world, and it was only too obvious that the place couldn’t be occupied by two.
Both of the contestants had vast resources at their back, and weren’t afraid to use them. Throughout much of the cold war, there were nuclear missiles aimed at Moscow and Washington D.C.
Although not a massive part of the Cold War, the Space Race was a major contest between the U.S.S.R. and the United States to get a man onto the moon before the other country. Although the Soviets had the first man in space, the United States ended up on top by getting Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin onto the moon in 1969. Although there is much speculation about the space landing, I will leave that topic for debate.
Anyway, there is a brief summarization of the cold war, and I hope it has added to your knowledge of this period of tension in the second half of the 20th century.